U.S. VS Canada Crime Rates


Scarlette, Reporter/ Social Media Manager

Why is Canada’s crime different from the U.S.? In Canada the criminal law is controlled by the Federal government in Ottawa. Many American states have rigid sentencing structures that are defined in their criminal codes. The Number of homicide victims in Canada is 759 in 2020 and in 2021 it was 788. In the U.S. there were 7.8 homicides for every 100,000 people. The U.S. has a much higher crime rate than Canada does. The number of guns, glorification of criminal acts, the mobility of property and persons, and the high level of anonymity are aggravating factors. Imprisonment is more common in the United States than in Canada.

Canada has 5,375 incidents per 1000,000 population. The police-reported crime rate—which measures the volume of crime—increased 1% in 2021, following a 9% decrease in 2020. In 2021, the violent crime rate increased 5%, while the property crime rate decreased 1%. In 2021, there were 694,050 violent-crime incidents, and 817,020 offenses reported in the United States by 11,794 law enforcement agencies that submitted National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data, covering 64% of the total population. People say that Canada is safer to live in because it has less crime than the U.S. does. The United States’ criminal justice system is designed to enforce laws, ensure public safety, and deliver justice to those who have committed crimes.

Canada is safer than the U.S. because Canada has a uniform national criminal code unlike the US, where there are both state and federal criminal laws. There is also a more unified police system in Canada. We seem to know very little about the quiet country above us. If we were to educate ourselves on any aspect of this country, perhaps it should be on crime prevention.